Clinical Care Resources - Sensory Loss > Hearing & Vision

This web page outlines the national plan for eye and vision research pertaining to low vision and blindness rehabilitation at the National Eye Institute. it provides background information on low vision and blindness rehabilition, program goals, highlights of revent progress, and their program objectives.

This Optometric Clinical Practice Guideline for Care of the Patient with Visual Impairment describes appropriate examination and treatment procedures for the evaluation of the visual abilities and eye health of people with visual impairments.  It contains recommendations for timely diagnosis, management, and, when needed, referral for consultation with (or treatment by) another health care provider or rehabilitation professional.

Age related macular degeneration (AMD) accounts for almost 50% of those registered as blind or partially sighted. 1-4 The development of management strategies is limited by the diverse nature of the age related changes and a lack of a clear understanding of the process of visual loss in the elderly. Effective treatment is limited to the management of sub-retinal neovascularisation (SRNV) in selected cases). Despite early expectations that laser treatment might provide significant benefit in preventing blindness 5-7 recurrent disease and progressive visual failure limit the final outcome. 8-9. Early recognition and prevention of potential disease is not as yet applicable to disease other than that related to SRNV.