The authors explored how discussions about life-sustaining treatment occur and examined the factors which influence physician’s communication strategies with the aim of providing novel insights into how communication can be improved. 15 pages. Last reviewed March 2019.

The authors conducted a narrative review of evidence regarding advance care planning and end-of-life communication. 10 pages. Last reviewed March 2019.

This article provides a review of epidemiological findings focusing on illicit drug use disorders and nonmedical use of prescription drugs in older adults 50 years and older. 20 pages. Last reviewed March 2019.

This article describes a study aimed at developing a better understanding of the current operations of two family health teams in Ontario. The findings provide a helpful basis for implementing interventions in primary care. 10 pages. Last reviewed January 2019.

This review provides a provide overview of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) and aphasia research.  The authors suggest filling the gaps in understanding of the physiological changes induced by tCDS on language networks. 7 pages. Last reviewed January 2019.

This review examined the state of knowledge of post-stroke language recovery including the contributions from the dominant and non-dominant hemispheres. The authors discuss  and review the use of inhibitory and excitatory repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) and transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) in patients who experience post-stroke aphasia as rehabilitative tools. 17 pages. Last reviewed February 2019.

This review surveyed differences in the mechanisms of language representation between the two etiologies of aphasia and evaluated properties that may define and limit the success of different neuromodulation approaches for primary progressive aphasia and post-stroke aphasia. 16 pages. Last reviewed February 2019.

This paper analyzed the results of non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS) trials and highlighted different aspects related to the repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation frequency, transcranial direct current stimulation polarity, the period of stimulation places in acute and subacute ischemic strokes. 5 pages. Last reviewed February 2019.

This article describes the findings of a cross-sectional study investigating whether speech and voice features are related to Parkinson's Disease (PD) or a normal part of the aging process and any differences in the impact of dysarthria on quality of life between the PD group and the control group. 7 pages. Last reviewed February 2019.

The authors aimed to assess from the published evidence whether hearing loss does pose a risk for cognitive impairment. 10 pages. Last reviewed January 2019.

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