Based on data from the 1996/1997 (institutional component) and 1998/1999 (household component) National Population Health Survey, this article identified that seniors were major consumers of prescription medications, over-the-counter (OTC) products, and natural and alternative medicines. Almost all (97%) seniors living in long-term health care institutions were current medication users (medication use in the two days before their interview), as were 76% of those living in private households. Over half (53%) of seniors in institutions and 13% of those in private households used multiple medications (currently taking five or more different medications). 9 Pages.

The Opioid Risk Tool provides excellent discrimination between high risk and low risk patients and a high degree of sensitivity and specificity for determining which individuals are at risk for opioid abuse. 1 Page.

The DIRE Score is used to determine if a patient is a suitable candidate for long-term opioid analgesia. 1 Page.

This tool provides a documentation checklist of possible side effects of and response(s) to cognitive enhancers. 2 Pages.